Salvador was founded in 1549 by Tomé de Sousa, who chose the city for its inaccessible perch 70 m above the sea level. Salvador was the first capital of Brazil and remained so until 1763, when it was succeeded by Rio de Janeiro.
Salvador is a major export port, lying at the heart of the Recôncavo Baiano, a rich agricultural and industrial region encompassing the northern portion of coastal Bahia.
The city is also known as Brazil’s capital of happiness due to its easygoing population and countless popular outdoor parties, including its street carnival.
The historical center of Salvador, frequently called the Pelourinho, is renowned for its Portuguese colonial architecture with historical monuments dating from the 17th through the 19th centuries and has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. There are several historic churches, many restaurants, bars and souvenir shops, a number of museums, and venues for music and theatre.
Salvador’s historical and cultural aspects were inherited by the miscegenation of such ethnic groups as Native-Indian, African, and European. This mixture can be seen in the religion, golden cuisine, cultural manifestations, and custom of Bahia’s people.
The local cuisine, spicy and based on seafood (shrimp, fish), strongly relies on typically African ingredients and techniques, and is much appreciated throughout Brazil and internationally. Traditional dishes include caruru, vatapá, acarajé, bobó-de-camarão, moqueca baiana.
Salvador is the cradle of candomblé and umbanda, Afro-Brazilian religious cults that have millions of devotees across Brazil.
The presence of capoeira (a unique mix of dance and martial art of Afro-Brazilian origin, combining agile dance moves with unarmed combat techniques) in Brazil is directly connected to the importation of African slaves by the Portuguese, and Salvador is considered the center of origin of the modern capoeira branches.
One of the main attractions in Salvador is the Carnival, the biggest street party on the planet. The Carnival event happens at the first part of the year and consists of parades, entertainment, music, dancers and vendors. For an entire week, almost 2 million people celebrate throughout 25 km of streets, avenues and squares.
Salvador features a tropical rainforest climate with no discernable dry season. Temperatures are relatively constant throughout the course of the year, featuring warm and humid conditions. Average temperature in summer time is 29o C, and during the winter around 23 o C.
he capital’s beaches range from calm inlets, ideal for swimming, sailing, diving and underwater fishing, as well as open sea inlets with strong waves, sought by surfers. There are also beaches surrounded by reefs, forming natural pools of stone. Near Salvador you will find Costa do Sauipe. An immense tourist resort with luxurious hotels, high quality pousadas, an 18 hole golf court, an equestrian center and a windsurfing lake.
Costa do Sauipe
Praia do Forte