The Pantanal extends through millions of km of central-western Brazil, eastern Bolivia and eastern Paraguay. Nearly 70% of its area lies on the territory of the two Brazilian States: Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul.
The Pantanal has the greatest concentration of fauna in Americas. This area is an unparalleled wildlife sanctuary of spectacular beauty and ecological paradise.
Not only is the Pantanal one of the most biologically rich environments in the world, with 656 bird species, 122 species of mammals and at least 276 types of fish, it also has the highest concentration of animal populations in all the Americas. It has an enormous concentration of birdlife, particularly when migratory birds settle here to feed and breed.
Many of the creatures in the Pantanal are big. Here you’ll find both the giant anteater and the giant armadillo. In the many lakes and rivers of the Pantanal, you’ll see giant otters and can also spot swimming anacondas — the world’s biggest snake. And grazing on the giant water lilies of the region you’ll encounter huge numbers of capybaras.
Some of the many birds of the Pantanal come big too. There’s the huge Jabiru stork, symbol of the Pantanal, the ema, also known as the greater rhea, which is the largest flightless bird of the western hemisphere. Then there’s the rare and beautiful hyacinth macaw; largest of all parrot species.
One of the reasons why the Pantanal has an incredible biodiversity is that it has two distinct seasons; the wet and the dry one, which causes in- and outflow of water and produces very different types of
ecosystems. During the wet season, from October to March, as much as 80% of the Pantanal may become flooded and water levels can be up to 5 m higher than during the dry season. When in May the water level slowly starts to fall, it leaves a fine layer of humus loam which greatly enriches the soil.
The Pantanal is a one of the greatest places in South America to go on a Safari.
You can go on foot, horseback or by Jeep trough the great wetlands. The contrasts in the Pantanal is so divers that you will be very impressed. Come to fish for Piranha and meet the crocodiles in Pantanal! You can stay in one of the many pousadas situated in the Pantanal in the middle of ecological paradise.
Mato Grosso do Sul), Bonito is a small town which has been built upon the tourism industry.
The word meaning of «bonito» is “beautiful”, which is very true in case of this beautiful place. The crystal clear water, created by the natural fresh water springs, seen bursting with colorful fishes is one of the distinctive views of this place. The great concentration of lime in the soil around the area is responsible for the transparency of waters. Wonderful grottoes and waterfalls are the other attractions for the tourists to come to this place.
The most popular activities include diving in caverns, observing the underwater fauna and walking along trails in the forest. Places like Gruta do Lago Azul (Blue Lake Cave) and the Fazenda Estancia Mimosa,
Aquario Natural (Natural Aquarium), and the rivers Sucuri, Prata, and Formoso, are the most popular.
- Aquário Natural (Natural Aquarium) — The tour starts with a 25 minute walk through the jungle, followed by a 900 m snorkel, where you float with fish and appreciate the underwater vegetation. After starting the trek where you can see varieties of animals of the region, you can finish with a visit to the museum of natural history.
- Gruta do Lago Azul (Blue Lake Cave) — This is a calcareous cave, with stalactites and stalagmites. The cave was found in 1924 by the local Indian. Inside the cave, 340 meters from the entrance, there is the Blue Lagoon — lake of crystal clear water an depth of approximately 90 meters.
- Abismo Anhumas (Anhumas Abysm) — A small crack in a rock is what you see upon your arrival at the Anhumas Abyss. This fissure, however, conceals a depth that must be entered by a unique way: a rappel of 72 meters. The cave has magnificent rock formations and a beautiful lake of crystalline waters on its bottom, which can be exploited by snorkeling or scuba diving, reaching depths of up to 18 meters.